My ethics guide my path in following photographic subjects. I use care and caution in field observations and strive to maintain maximum distance from wildlife. I try to help others understand the importance of gentle observation of wildlife when the occasion arises.

  • give wildlife the space they need

  • use the longest lens practical

  • never bait, call or set up locations

  • never use flash lighting of any kind

  • learn the subject to better understand their habits and needs